The important parts of the incinerator are:


Marine Ship Incinerator


  1. Combustion Chamber: The area where the waste materials are burned at high temperatures to convert them into ash and gases.
  2. Afterburning Chamber: The secondary combustion chamber where the gases from the primary chamber are burned again to ensure complete combustion.
  3. Oil Burner Assembly: It contains primary and Waste oil burners. The fuel (usually diesel oil) is supplied to the primary burner to ignite and maintain combustion within the incinerator.
  4. Primary Blower: The equipment that blows air into the incinerator to promote the combustion process.
  5. Fuel Gas outlet: The exhaust passage, which can be fitted with an Induced Draught Air Ejector device that pulls the gases produced in the incinerator out of the combustion chamber.
  6. Air Damper: A valve or plate that regulates the flow of air and gases within the incinerator.
  7. Double Wall for Air Cooling: An insulated layer of air between two walls to prevent excessive heating and cool the outer surface of the incinerator
  8. Feeding Door: The opening through which the waste materials are fed into the incinerator.
  9. Diesel Oil Tank: The storage tank for diesel oil to be used as fuel for the oil burner
  10. Ash Cleaning Door: The door, usually at the bottom of the primary chamber, through which the ash residue from the incineration process is removed from the chamber (not shown in the figure).
  11. W.O Supply Tank: The storage tank for waste oil to be used as fuel (not shown in the figure).
  12. Compressed Air: Pressurized air is used to operate certain parts of the incinerator, such as dampers or ash cleaning systems (not shown in the figure).
  13. W.O. Dosing Pump: A pump used to regulate the flow of waste oil to the incinerator(not shown in the figure).
  14. Heating Element: A device that provides heat to start the combustion process, especially when the incinerator is cold (not shown in the figure).
  15. Sluice: A gate or valve that regulates the flow of waste materials into the incinerator (not shown in the figure).
  16. Sludge service tank with a circulating pump and heater (not shown in the figure).
  17. Sludge settling tank with filling pump and heater (Optional)
  18. Water injection (Optional)
  19. Rotating the arm to remove ash and non-combustibles (for vertical cyclone type)
  20. Refractory Lining: A heat-resistant layer made of refractory materials that line the combustion chamber to protect the metal walls from high temperatures and corrosive gases produced during incineration.
  21. Ceramic Wall: A high-temperature-resistant ceramic material wall that separates the primary and secondary combustion chambers to maintain the proper temperature and combustion conditions in each chamber.



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