The formation of a tropical cyclone is influenced by six favorable environmental conditions that are typically found in the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone.
The energy that powers tropical cyclones comes from latent heat, which is generated by intense thunderstorm activity and the condensation of moist air.
Essentially, the formation of a tropical cyclone is a massive vertical heat engine that is fueled by the gravity and rotation of the earth. In satellite images, the initial stage of tropical cyclone formation appears as an active but disorganized area of thunderstorms.
Sometimes, curved cumulus clouds form around the active thunderstorms, indicating the location of the cyclone’s center.
If a tropical cyclone moves inland at this stage, it usually does not cause significant damage but may result in heavy rain and flooding in some areas.