AIS (Automatic Identification System) is a system used in the maritime industry to improve the safety and efficiency of navigation. It was originally developed as a collision avoidance tool, but its use has expanded to provide other benefits such as vessel traffic management and search and rescue operations.
The system works by broadcasting and receiving data via VHF radio signals. Each vessel equipped with AIS broadcasts its unique identification, position, course, and speed, along with other relevant information such as vessel type, destination, and cargo. This information is transmitted at regular intervals and can be received by other AIS-equipped vessels, shore-based monitoring stations, and other authorized users.
AIS helps improve situational awareness for mariners by providing real-time information on vessel traffic in the area. It can also help identify potential collision risks, aid in search and rescue operations, and provide valuable data for port and harbor management.
In addition, AIS can be integrated with other onboard systems such as radar and electronic charting to provide a more complete picture of the vessel’s surroundings. This can help improve navigational safety and efficiency by allowing the crew to make more informed decisions about course and speed adjustments.
Overall, AIS is an important tool for enhancing safety and efficiency in the maritime industry, and its use is mandated by international regulations for certain types of vessels.